Mountain Description Height Location First Ascended
The tallest mountain on earth. It has been climbed by about 2,700 individuals and claimed the lives of about 200. The area near the top, known as the "death zone" is so dangerous that corpses have been left there and are visible along the standard routes to the top. A best-selling novel, Into Thin Air, chronicled the day when 8 lives were lost in a storm in May 1996. 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) Border between Nepal and Tibet Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay
29 May 1953
The second-highest mountain on earth. Although Everest is taller, K2 is more difficult to climb. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying. K2 was featured in the blockbuster movie Vertical Limit that was released in 2000. 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) Border between Pakistan and Xinjiang, China. Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli
July 31, 1954
"Mount McKinley or Denali ("The Great One") in Alaska is the highest mountain peak in North America... Mount McKinley has a larger bulk and rise than Mount Everest, although the summit of Everest is higher measured from sea level 29,028 feet. Everest's base sits on the Tibetan Plateau at about 17,000 feet, giving it a real vertical rise of a little more than 12,000 feet. The base of Mount McKinley is roughly a 2,000-foot plateau, giving it an actual rise of 18,000 feet." [wikipedia] 6,138 meters (20,138 feet) USA, Alaska, Denali National Park Hudson Stuck, Harry Karstens, Walter Harper, Robert Tatum
7 June 1913
"Popocatépetl (commonly referred to as Popo, El Popo or Don Goyo) is an active volcano and, at 5,426 m, the second highest peak in Mexico after the Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m). Popocatépetl is linked to the Iztaccíhuatl volcano to the north by the high saddle known as the Paso de Cortés, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt. The name Popocatépetl comes from the Nahuatl words popōca 'it smokes' and tepētl 'mountain', thus Smoking Mountain; the name Don Goyo comes from the mountain’s association in the lore of the region with San Gregorio (St. Gregory), ‘Goyo’ being a nickname-like short form of Gregorio." [wikipedia] 5,426 meters (17,802 feet)
North America, Mexico, Mexico-Puebla-Morelos [Google Map]
Tecuanipas tribe
1289
The highest peak in Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro is an inactive volcano. It is the tallest free-standing mountain (i.e. not in an mountain range) and the tallest "walkable" mountain in the world, though it takes many days and there is risk of getting altitude sickness which can occur on heights of 3000 meters or more.
4,600 meters (15,092 feet)
July 31, 1954
Finsteraarhorn
Finsteraarhorn

Bernese Alps, Switzerland
"The Finsteraarhorn...is the highest mountain in the Bernese Alps and the highest mountain in the canton of Berne, it is also the highest summit in the Alps whose range lies outside the main chain. The Finsteraarhorn is also the third most prominent peak in the Alps." [wikipedia] 4,274 meters (14,022 feet) Jakob Leuthold and Johann Währen
10 August 1829
"Mount Rainier is an active stratovolcano (also known as a composite volcano) in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. It is the highest peak in the Cascade Range and Cascade Volcanic Arc at 14,411 feet (4,392 m). The mountain and the surrounding area are protected within Mount Rainier National Park. With 26 major glaciers and 35 square miles of permanent snowfields and glaciers, Mount Rainier is the most heavily glaciated peak in the lower 48 states. The summit is topped by two volcanic craters, each over 1,000 feet (300 m) in diameter with the larger east crater overlapping the west crater." [wikipedia] 4,027 meters (13,211 feet)
North America, USA, Washington, Pierce County [Google Map]
Hazard Stevens, P. B. Van Trump
1870
The highest peak in Taiwan. Yushan is part of Yushan National Park. Under Japanese rule, it was designated Niitaka (New Highest) due to being taller than Mount Fuji. The mountain name was used as the secret code to begin the attack on Pearl Harbor. The code was Niitakayama Nobore ("Climb Mount Niitaka"). 3,952 meters (12,966 feet) Japanese anthropologists Torii Ryuzo and Mori Ushinosuke
1900
Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji

Honshū, Japan
"Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776 m (12,388 feet).[1] Along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains". An active volcano[3] that last erupted in 1707–08" [wikipedia] 3,776 meters (12,388 feet) Hikable
Mount St. Helens
Mount St. Helens

Skamania County, Washington, USA
"Mount St. Helens is an active stratovolcano… Mount St. Helens is most famous for its catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980... which was the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in the history of the United States. Fifty-seven people were killed." [ wikipedia] 2,550 meters (4,605 feet) Thomas J. Dryer
1853
Mount Feathertop
Mount Feathertop

Great Dividing Range, Victoria, Australia
"Mount Feathertop is the second-highest mountain in the Australian state of Victoria. It rises to 1,922 meters (6,306 feet) AHD. Snow remaining in the summit gullies in spring give the appearance of feathers - hence the name 'Feathertop'." [wikipedia] 1,922 meters (6,306 feet) Don't know
Mount Pilot Mountain
Mount Pilot Mountain

Sauratown Mountains, North Carolina, United States
"Pilot Mountain, a quartzite monadnock rising to a peak 2,421 feet (738 m) above sea level, is one of the most distinctive natural features in the state of North Carolina. It is a remnant of the ancient chain of Sauratown Mountains. Its original Native American name is Jomeokee, for "great guide" or 'pilot.'" [wikipedia] 738 meters (2,421 feet) Hikable
   
Sources:

List of highest mountains (wikipedia)
Famous Mountains (travellerspoint.com)
World Famous Mountains (Scholastic)

 

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